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Competition Clause in the Netherlands

Competition clause in the Netherlands

Did you know that approximately 25% of Dutch employment contracts contain some form of competition clause? That’s right, in the Netherlands, businesses are keen on protecting their interests and proprietary information through these legal provisions. But here’s the catch – Dutch law also favors a balance, allowing courts to modify or annul these clauses if they’re seen as overly restrictive to the employee. This intriguing balance between business protection and employee freedom begs a deeper exploration, doesn’t it?

Understanding the Competition Clause under Dutch law

So, what exactly is a competition clause under Dutch law, often referred to as a ‘concurrentiebeding’? It’s a contractual provision that restricts you, the employee, from participating in similar business activities during and after your employment term. This clause is primarily designed to protect the company’s interests and knowledge, ensuring that valuable proprietary information doesn’t fall into a competitor’s hands.

If you violate this clause, you’re likely to face a contractual penalty, underscoring the importance of complying with the restrictions. It’s a measure Dutch employers use to deter employees from jumping ship to direct competitors.

The same rules that apply to competition clauses also govern non-solicitation clauses. These clauses prohibit you from contacting or soliciting your former employer’s clients or business relations after your employment ends.

It’s crucial to note that Dutch law allows potential court intervention to nullify or modify the competition clause if it’s deemed to unfairly disadvantage you. This aspect of the law reflects a careful balancing act between your personal interests and the business interests of your employer. In essence, the competition clause under Dutch law is a protective tool, but one that’s subject to careful scrutiny and fair application.

Key Components of Non-Compete Clause in the Netherlands

Having understood the competition clause under Dutch law, let’s now examine the key components of a non-compete clause in the Netherlands. Commonly known as a “concurrentiebeding”, this clause is a safeguard for employers, preventing employees from participating in similar business activities during and post-employment.

The clause typically extends 1-2 years following an employee’s departure and outlines prohibited competitors, geographical restrictions, and penalties for breach. It’s crucial that you, as an employee, consent to the clause. The agreement must be written and you must be at least 18 years old.

Non-compete clauses are generally included in permanent contracts but can also be found in fixed-term contracts when particular business interests warrant their inclusion. In addition to the non-compete clause, you’ll often find non-solicitation clauses in permanent contracts. These protect the employer’s client base and business relations and must be justified when included in fixed-term contracts.

Validity of Non-Compete Under Dutch Law

Under Dutch law, the validity of a non-compete clause hinges on a few key factors: a written agreement, the employee’s age, and the explicit justification of protected business interests in fixed-term contracts.

You need to understand that the enforceability of these clauses is governed by strict conditions. Firstly, it’s mandatory to have a written agreement between you and your employer. A verbal or implied agreement won’t cut it. Secondly, you must be at least 18 years old. Dutch law doesn’t consider minors capable of consenting to such restrictions.

Your employment contract type also matters. If it’s a fixed-term contract with a non-compete clause, Dutch law demands that it must explicitly justify the business interests being protected. Without this, the clause mightn’t stand up in court.

Dutch law firm specialized in Non-Compete clauses

In the realm of non-compete clauses and employment law, MAAK Advocaten, a Dutch law firm based in Amsterdam, offers specialized guidance and expertise. They’ve carved out a niche for themselves, focusing specifically on the complexities of non-compete agreements. Whether you’re an employer seeking to protect your business interests, or an employee wanting to ensure your rights aren’t being infringed, MAAK Advocaten is your go-to resource.

Their team, skilled in the nuances of Dutch employment law, excels in guiding reorganizations, handling dismissals, and managing litigation related to confidentiality and non-compete clauses. They’re not just about protecting business interests; they also strive to safeguard the rights of employees, ensuring a balance in the sometimes tricky terrain of non-compete agreements.

When you’re dealing with non-compete clause issues, you need a firm that understands the intricacies of Dutch law. MAAK Advocaten’s expertise allows them to navigate these complexities with ease, providing you with the best legal advice and representation. In the world of Dutch non-compete clauses, they’ve proven themselves to be the experts. Trust them to guide you through this often-complicated legal landscape.

Example of a Dutch non-compete clause

Building on the expertise of firms like MAAK Advocaten, let’s now examine a specific example of a Dutch non-compete clause. In the Netherlands, these clauses, known as concurrentiebeding, are typically included in your employment contract. They’re designed to prohibit you from engaging in similar business activities for a certain period after leaving your current job.

This restriction aims to protect your employer’s interests, such as safeguarding confidential information, preserving client relationships, and retaining trade secrets. To enforce a non-compete clause, your employer must have your written agreement, taking into account your age and legal capacity.

If you breach this clause, you might face legal consequences. This could include enforcement by the courts and potential monetary penalties. However, it’s not just a one-sided deal. Dutch courts can step in to nullify or adjust the clause if it’s deemed excessively restrictive or unfair to you. This feature of Dutch law helps balance personal and business interests, ensuring you’re not unduly disadvantaged by a non-compete clause.

In essence, the Dutch non-compete clause is a tool to protect business interests, but with due consideration for employee rights and freedoms.


In the Netherlands, competition clauses play a significant role in protecting businesses. However, it’s crucial to note that Dutch law ensures a balance, allowing court intervention when these clauses are deemed unfair.

For instance, in a surprising 60% of cases, courts have modified or annulled competition clauses. So, while these clauses provide a protective shield for companies, they aren’t airtight, and employees have a fair shot at challenging them if necessary.

Contact our Dutch law firm

For any legal inquiries or support in the Netherlands regarding competition clauses, please feel free to contact our adept team at MAAK Advocaten. Committed to excellence, our Dutch lawyers provide superior legal services tailored to your distinct needs. You can reach our law firm in the Netherlands through our website, by email, or phone.

Our approachable and skilled staff at MAAK Attorneys will be delighted to assist you, arranging a meeting with one of our specialized attorneys in the Netherlands. Whether you need a Dutch litigation attorney or a Dutch contract lawyer in Amsterdam, we are eager to guide you through the legal intricacies and secure the most favorable results for your situation.

Contact details

Remko Roosjen | attorney-at-law (‘advocaat’)
+31 (0)20 – 210 31 38

The information on this legal blog serves purely for educational purposes and should not be taken as specific legal guidance. While we endeavor to maintain accurate and current information, we do not assert its absolute completeness or relevance to your particular situation. For advice tailored to your legal concerns, we urge you to engage with a licensed attorney. Please note that the blog’s content may change without notice, and we are not liable for any inaccuracies or missing information.

Remko Roosjen

Remko Roosjen

Remko Roosjen is a Dutch contract attorney in the Netherlands and creates close working relationships with clients, providing pragmatic solutions across on all legal matters in the Netherlands. Remko is a partner of our Commercial law firm in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. His specialist areas include Dutch Contract Law, including Dutch Commercial Contracting and Legal Disputes, including civil litigation, arbitration and mediation. Remko is a sharp, creative Dutch attorney with extensive cross-border experience representing both foreign plaintiffs and defendants. Visit Remko's profile via the website or via his LinkedIn Profile.