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Setting up a Dutch BV

Setting up a Dutch BV

Setting up a Dutch BV (Besloten Vennootschap) is an appealing option for many entrepreneurs due to the streamlined business registration process in the Netherlands. The first step involves drafting the Articles of Association, a critical document that outlines the legal structure and operational guidelines of the company. This is followed by the KVK registration at the Chamber of Commerce, which officially records the business in the Dutch company register. The share capital requirements must also be met, ensuring that the company has adequate funding to meet initial operational needs.

Once registered, the next steps involve establishing a solid corporate governance framework. This includes appointing managing directors and ensuring that all statutory requirements are met. The BV shareholders play a significant role in decision-making, including the hiring of a resident director who manages daily operations and maintains legal compliance. Regular financial statements need to be filed, and an annual return BV must be completed to keep the company in good standing.

The advantages of owning a Dutch BV are numerous, particularly in terms of tax benefits and corporate taxes. The Netherlands offers a favorable fiscal environment, encouraging foreign investment with incentives like reductions in Dutch corporate taxes. The limited liability nature of a BV protects the personal assets of shareholders, making it a safe and reliable business entity for both budding entrepreneurs and seasoned business owners looking to expand into the European market.

Understanding a Dutch BV

To fully comprehend a Dutch BV, or Besloten Vennootschap, it’s crucial to note that this type of business structure is a private limited liability company in the Netherlands, offering a separate legal entity from its shareholders and thus providing them with limited liability protection. This structure allows you to manage your business with ease and efficiency while enjoying trade liberalization benefits.

The minimum share capital requirement for a Dutch BV is just €1, making it a cost-effective option for setting up a business. It’s worth noting that there’s no fixed requirement for registered equity, providing flexibility in managing your company’s finances.

Setting up a Dutch BV requires adherence to corporate governance regulations. You must register your BV with the Dutch Trade Register, and it must have at least one shareholder and one director. You’ll also need to provide necessary documents and secure a local business address for legal compliance.

Understanding these aspects of a Dutch BV is key to successfully establishing your business in the Netherlands. This structure is well-suited for entrepreneurs seeking flexibility and limited liability protection.

When you’re deciding on the legal structure for your founding a Dutch business, consider the BV, a private company with limited liability that offers substantial legal protection for investors. This legal structure in the Netherlands is popular due to its flexibility, cost-effectiveness, and the Dutch BV advantages it provides.

With a BV, you can have a single shareholder or multiple shareholders, providing adaptability to meet your business needs. The company bylaws can be tailored to your specific circumstances, allowing for a high degree of customization. Additionally, BV shareholders aren’t personally liable for the company’s debts, offering significant protection for your personal assets.

A key feature of the BV structure is its minimum share capital requirement of just €1, making it an accessible option for various types of businesses. However, remember that statutory requirements dictate the BV must have a registered office address in the Netherlands. This ensures compliance with Dutch regulations and establishes your legal presence in the country. In choosing a BV, you’re selecting a reliable, flexible, and investor-friendly legal structure for your Dutch venture.

Incorporating a BV Digitally

In the digital age, you can incorporate your Dutch BV remotely by submitting the required documents online through the Chamber of Commerce (KVK) portal. This digital incorporation process is an integral part of Dutch company formation, allowing you to register your BV without the need for your physical presence in the Netherlands.

You’ll need to provide certain information about your company during the KVK registration. This includes the identification details of your directors and shareholders, a detailed description of your business activities, and your registered office address in the Netherlands. Be sure to be precise and thorough when filling in these details, as any inaccuracies can delay your registration process.

The beauty of incorporating a BV digitally is that it streamlines the registration process, saving you both time and resources. You’re not just setting up a company; you’re setting up a legal entity with a separate identity from its owners. This offers numerous advantages, from easy management to trade liberalization benefits.

Embrace the efficiency, accessibility, and convenience that digital tools offer for your Dutch BV incorporation. Rest assured, you’re on the right path to successfully launching your business in the Dutch market.

Formation Phase: BV in Oprichting

As you delve deeper into the process of forming your Dutch company, you’ll encounter a critical phase known as ‘BV in Oprichting,’ marking the period when your company is being established. This stage is essential in the BV registration process, allowing you to conduct business even before the full incorporation in the Netherlands is complete.

During this phase, you need to know:

  1. The ‘BV in Oprichting’ status allows you to already conduct business activities and enter into contracts.
  2. You can issue invoices and engage in legal transactions.
  3. Be aware that Dutch corporate law stipulates that shareholders may be held liable for obligations entered during this phase.
  4. The ‘BV in Oprichting’ status ceases once your BV is fully incorporated.

This phase is a critical part of your start-up Netherlands journey. You’re not just forming a legal entity but also building the groundwork for your future success. Be mindful of the BV liability during this period, as it can impact your operation. With careful planning and adherence to Dutch corporate law, you’ll navigate this process successfully.

Cost and UBO Registration

Understanding the costs involved and the importance of UBO registration is a crucial step in setting up your Dutch BV. Your Netherlands business setup will entail notary fees, starting capital, and registration expenses. The notary fees can vary, depending on the complexity of your company structure. Regardless of your business size, you can start with a meager capital of just €1, making the BV an accessible option for startups and small businesses.

UBO registration is a mandatory part of the process. This requirement ensures transparency by identifying the individuals who ultimately own or control your Dutch BV. It’s an essential step to promote integrity and accountability within the Netherlands business environment.

Keep in mind, every cost incurred in the establishment of your BV is an investment towards your future success. Opting for a Dutch BV not only gives you a separate legal identity, but also eases management and operation. As a result, you can take advantage of the Dutch market and trade liberalization benefits. So, plan your budget wisely and ensure you comply with the UBO registration requirements.

Taxation of a Dutch BV

When it comes to running a Dutch BV, you’ll find that the taxation system is structured to provide potential advantages, with corporate tax rates ranging from 15% to 25% based on your company’s profits. This structure can lead to tax benefits for your Dutch BV, especially when you navigate the system with precision and understanding.

Once you’ve registered your company with the Chamber of Commerce in the Netherlands, it’s time to understand the key aspects of taxation. Here are four critical points:

  1. Deductions and Exemptions: The Netherlands offers several tax deductions and exemptions that can significantly reduce your corporate taxes.
  2. Resident Director Requirement: You’ll need a resident director for your Dutch BV. This resident director’s presence can help your company benefit from double tax treaties.
  3. Tax on Worldwide Income: If your company is a tax resident in the Netherlands, you’re obligated to pay taxes on your worldwide income.
  4. Financial Statements: You’ll need to prepare and submit financial statements regularly. These statements play a key role in assessing your tax liability.

Understanding these dynamics is crucial to utilizing the tax benefits of a Dutch BV to their fullest extent.

Liability and Issuing New Shares

Navigating the waters of liability and the process of issuing new shares in a Dutch BV can be complex, yet deeply rewarding for your business. As managing directors, you may face personal liability in certain circumstances, such as co-signing for loans or engaging in mismanagement. Personal liability can also arise from ambitious agreements, tax issues, or financial mismanagement. It’s important to understand these risks and manage them effectively to protect yourself and your business.

Raising additional funds for your Dutch BV can be achieved by issuing new shares, a process subject to legal requirements and shareholder approval. As directors, you have the authority to issue new shares, providing a strategic tool for capital raising and ownership restructuring. However, be mindful of the borrowing limits that exist to avoid tax implications and manage financial risks effectively.

Setting up a Dutch BV offers a unique blend of flexibility and protection. However, understanding the intricacies of liability and the process of issuing new shares can ensure you leverage these benefits while minimizing potential risks. With careful planning and management, a Dutch BV can be a rewarding venture for your business.

Signing Authority and Personnel

In a Dutch BV, you, as a director, wield the critical signing authority, enabling you to act on the company’s behalf in legal and financial matters. This authority is a key aspect of your role as outlined in the articles of association. Through this, you have the capacity to make decisions that shape the company’s trajectory.

By registering with the Dutch company register, you officially signify your company’s existence and establish your authority within it. This step is integral to the business registration process in the Netherlands.

The company secretary plays a crucial role in ensuring that the company operates within the law and maintains standards of corporate governance.

The articles of association are a vital document that outlines the rules for the company’s governance and the roles and responsibilities of its directors, including the limits and execution of signing authority.

Lastly, as a director, you possess the power to delegate signing authority to other personnel. This delegation doesn’t require formal registration but must be done with utmost care to maintain accountability.

Dutch Insurances and Pension

As a Dutch BV, you’re not only given the opportunity to offer comprehensive insurance coverage for your business assets, liabilities, and potential interruptions, but you’re also required to put in place pension schemes for your employees.

Your business entity in the Netherlands must ensure its employees’ future security with pension contributions. The good news is, these contributions are tax-deductible, lowering your annual return BV and Dutch corporate taxes.

In the Netherlands, employers are mandated to provide various types of insurances such as health and disability packages to their employees. For your BV, you could also consider additional insurances like professional liability insurance to safeguard against any legal claims and financial losses.

Deregistering a Dutch BV

When it’s time to close down your Dutch BV, you’ll need to undergo a deregistration process, which involves filing a formal request for liquidation with the Commercial Register. This process may seem daunting, but don’t worry; we’re here to guide you through it, step by step.

  1. Shareholder Approval: First, you’ll need the consent of your shareholders. They must approve the liquidation and appoint a liquidator to oversee the process. This is a crucial first step, as it puts the company’s fate in the hands of a trusted individual.
  2. Liquidation Process: Your appointed liquidator will then be responsible for settling outstanding debts, selling off any remaining assets, and distributing the leftover funds to the shareholders. It’s a meticulous process that ensures all loose ends are tied up.
  3. Creditor Notification: The liquidator must also notify all creditors of your BV’s liquidation and publish a notice in the Official Gazette.
  4. Final Deregistration: Once all financial obligations are met, your Dutch BV can be formally deregistered from the Commercial Register.

Considering a change in your Dutch BV’s legal structure, such as transitioning from a sole proprietorship or partnership? It’s a significant step that requires careful planning and execution. You’ll need to amend your company’s articles of association and notify the pertinent authorities about the restructuring.

Legal advice is often recommended to ensure compliance with Dutch laws and regulations during this transition. You wouldn’t want to overlook a critical legal requirement or violate any regulations, would you?

It’s also vital to get approval from your shareholders and directors. They may need to make their consent official through meetings or resolutions.

Finally, remember to update your registration details with the Dutch Trade Register. This step is crucial to reflect the new legal structure of your BV accurately.

Here’s a quick summary for your reference:

1. Amend ArticlesUpdate your company’s articles of association
2. Legal AdviceConsult a Dutch legal expert to ensure compliance
3. ApprovalGet consent from shareholders and directors
4. Update RegistrationUpdate details with the Dutch Trade Register

Changing your BV’s legal structure can be a complex process. But with careful planning and execution, you can make the transition smooth and hassle-free.

Document Requirements for Foreigners

While altering your BV’s legal structure can be intricate, establishing a Dutch BV as a foreigner brings its own set of unique requirements, especially concerning necessary documents. You’d need to navigate through these requirements meticulously to successfully set up your business in the Netherlands.

Here’s a detailed list to guide you:

  1. Prepare key legal documents: You’ll need a legalized power of attorney, a UBO declaration, and a deed of incorporation. These are mandatory to establish legal representation and ownership.
  2. Verify your identity: You must provide proof of identity and address for all directors and shareholders. This is essential for transparency and legal compliance.
  3. Secure a registered office address: A local address in the Netherlands is non-negotiable. You’ll need this for correspondence and legal purposes.
  4. Consider virtual options: You don’t need to travel to the Netherlands to set up your BV. Assistance is available for document preparation and virtual office setup.


In conclusion, setting up a Dutch BV is a cinch if you sail through the right channels. With just €1, you can kickstart your business, enjoy limited liability, and reap the trade perks. Remember, from choosing the legal structure to UBO registration, every step is crucial. Don’t forget your Dutch insurances and pension provisions.

Dutch law firm specialized in setting up a BV

For any legal inquiries or support in the Netherlands, please feel free to contact our adept team at MAAK Advocaten. Committed to excellence, our Dutch lawyers provide superior legal services tailored to your distinct needs. You can reach our law firm in the Netherlands through our website, by email, or phone.

Our approachable and skilled staff at MAAK Attorneys will be delighted to assist you, arranging a meeting with one of our specialized attorneys in the Netherlands. Whether you need a Dutch litigation attorney or a Dutch contract lawyer in Amsterdam, we are eager to guide you through the legal intricacies and secure the most favorable results for your situation.

Contact details

Remko Roosjen | attorney-at-law (‘advocaat’)
+31 (0)20 – 210 31 38

The information on this legal blog serves purely for educational purposes and should not be taken as specific legal guidance. While we endeavor to maintain accurate and current information, we do not assert its absolute completeness or relevance to your particular situation. For advice tailored to your legal concerns, we urge you to engage with a licensed attorney. Please note that the blog’s content may change

Remko Roosjen

Remko Roosjen

Remko Roosjen is a Dutch contract attorney in the Netherlands and creates close working relationships with clients, providing pragmatic solutions across on all legal matters in the Netherlands. Remko is a partner of our Commercial law firm in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. His specialist areas include Dutch Contract Law, including Dutch Commercial Contracting and Legal Disputes, including civil litigation, arbitration and mediation. Remko is a sharp, creative Dutch attorney with extensive cross-border experience representing both foreign plaintiffs and defendants. Visit Remko's profile via the website or via his LinkedIn Profile.